Design an intuitive interaction between the automated vehicle and its ‘driver’and all other road users (including VRUs). C-DMA Vehicles offer the full flexibility of automated driving with additional benefits. Vehicles can be operated in manual mode, but when conditions allow it or the user desires so, we can shift to other automation levels, including SAE level 5, in which vehicles can be dispatched to required locations, automatically transporting people or goods, or efficiently using parking places, saving space. In that case, the driver becomes a passenger or user and main HF questions are restricted to physical and social safety, acceptance, comfort, and payment. We have to configure a fail-safe driver-vehicle symbiosis in which the driver as well as the surrounding vehicles, pedestrians and cyclists know exactly what the vehicle will do under what circumstances, and in which cooperative technology is flexibly used, thereby guaranteeing efficiency, safety and comfort.
1. How can we design (behaviour of) automated vehicles in which drivers feel safe and comfortable, in
which they do not unnecessarily overrule the system and understand possible vehicle limitations? This
includes designing intuitive dual-mode transitions (manual to automated driving and vice versa) and an
2. How do other road users respond to and interact with (partially) automated vehicles, and how can
automated vehicles ‘behave’ such that they are predictable to other road users (non-automated
vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians) and ensure a safe interaction?